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Review article

ScienceAsia 46S (2020):ID 1-11 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.S001

The rise of mycology in Asia

Kevin D. Hydea,b, K.W.T. Chethanaa, Ruvishika S. Jayawardenaa, Thatsanee Luangharna,c, Mark S. Calabona,d, E.B.G. Jonese,f, Sinang Hongsananig,h, Saisamorn Lumyongi,*

ABSTRACT:     Mycology was a well-studied discipline in Australia and New Zealand, Europe, South Africa and the USA. In Asia (with the exception of Japan) and South America, the fungi were generally poorly known and studied, except for the result of forays from some American and European mycologists. However, in the last 20 years, the situation has changed. With the development of Asian economies, the funding for science research and development has greatly increased. Mycological research has also diversified in many fields. Many studies have focused on applied aspects and new journals and websites have been established as a platform for Asian mycologists to publish their research. This paper will briefly review the history of the study of fungi in Asia and then discuss how it advanced during the last two decades. It will examine the current situation using case studies in plant pathogens, terrestrial saprobes, aquatic fungi, evolution studies, genomics and applied mycology and biotechnology. Finally, it will suggest research that is needed in the future.

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a Center of Excellence in Fungal Research and School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100 Thailand
b Institute of Plant Health, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou 510225 China
c Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201 China
d Mushroom Research Foundation, Mae Taeng, Chiang Mai 50150 Thailand
e Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, 11451 Saudi Arabia
f Nantgaredig, 33B St Edwards Road, Southsea, Hants., PO5 3DH, UK
g Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Laser Engineering, College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 China
h Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Microbial Genetic Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Oceanography and Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 China
i Center of Excellence in Microbial Diversity and Sustainable Utilization, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: scboi009@gmail.com

Received 13 Mar 2020, Accepted 26 Mar 2020