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Volume 46 Number 2 Volume 46 Number 3 Volume 46 Number 4

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Research articles

ScienceAsia 46 (2020): 353-360 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.047

Linear regression models for heteroscedastic and non-normal data

Raksmey Thinha, Klairung Samarta,b,*, Naratip Jansakula

ABSTRACT:     In common practices, heteroscedasticity and non-normality are frequently encountered when fitting linear regression models. Several methods have been proposed to handle these problems. In this research, we applied four different estimation methods: ordinary least squares (OLS), transform both sides (TBS), power of the mean function (POM) and exponential variance function (VEXP), dealing with three different forms of the non-constant variances under four symmetric distributions. In order to study the performance of the four methods in estimating the studied model parameters, a simulation study with sample sizes of 20, 50 and 100 was conducted. Relative bias, mean squared error (MSE replica Rolex watches) and coverage probability of the nominal 95% confidence interval for regression parameters were accessed. The simulation results and application to real life data suggest that each estimation method performed differently on different variance structures and different distributions whereas the sample size did not give much effect on each estimation method. In overall, the TBS method performed best in terms of smallest bias and MSE, especially under extreme heteroscedasticity. On the other hand, the OLS method was very accurate in maintaining the nominal coverage probabilities although it had relatively poor performance in terms of bias.

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a Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110 Thailand
b Statistics and Applications Research Unit, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110 Thailand

* Corresponding author, E-mail: klairung.s@psu.ac.th

Received 10 Nov 2019, Accepted 27 Apr 2020