ScienceAsia 49 (2023): 184-191 |doi:
Effect of phosphorus deficiency on allelopathic activity of
lowland indica rice
Lompong Klinnaweea,b,*,†, Krittika Kaewchumnonga,b,*,†, Kanison Nualtema
ABSTRACT: Allelopathy is a phenomenon in which plants exude biochemicals that inhibit the growth of nearby plants.
Allelopathic activity and biochemical production are induced by environmental stresses. This study investigated the
effect of phosphorus (P) deficiency on growth and allelopathic activities in two landrace rice cultivars of southern
Thailand, Nang loy and Niaw look pueng. Rice seedlings were hydroponically grown for 14 days in Yoshida Solution
with normal (HP) and low (LP) P concentrations. Growth and phosphate (Pi) contents in rice seedlings were determined
to evaluate the difference in internal P status between plants grown under the HP and LP conditions. Water extracts were
prepared from shoots and roots of rice seedlings to test allelopathic activity against lettuce seedlings. The results showed
that rice seedlings responded to P deficiency by reducing shoot and root Pi content and increasing leaf greenness.
Changes in seedling growth were scarcely detected in the young rice seedlings. In a germination assay, water extracts
of P-deficient seedlings from both rice cultivars lowered germination indices and inhibited lettuce seedling growth.
Furthermore, shoot extracts of the same rice cultivar more strongly inhibited the development of lettuce seedlings than
root extracts. The greater allelopathic activity of the shoot extracts might be a result of their higher phenolic contents,
which could be induced by P deficiency. Therefore, an allelopathic trait of rice seedlings is an early response to P
deficiency prior to growth inhibition under the low P condition.
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* Corresponding author, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Received 29 Mar 2022, Accepted 12 Oct 2022