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Volume 45 Number 5
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Volume 45 Number 5

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Research articles

ScienceAsia 45(2019): 465-473 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2019.45.465


Chemical fractionation of trace elements in mangrove sediments from the Songkhla Lake, Thailand using BCR technique


Siriporn Pradita,b,*, Noor Azhar Mohamed Shazilic, Manasawan S. Pattaratumronga,b, Ponlachart Chotikarna,b, Mathinee Yucharoena,b, Prawit Towatanaa,b

 
ABSTRACT:     The aim of this work was to determine the concentration of trace elements (Zn, As, Cd and Pb) in mangrove sediments using the European community bureau of reference (BCR) sequential extraction method. The sampling was conducted in August 2016 at 8 stations of Songkhla Lake in southern Thailand. Trace element concentrations were determined using the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrophotometer (ICPMS). Zn (37.2064.42%) and Cd (63.4477.50%) were found dominant in the acid-soluble fraction (F1). Pb (62.0189.48%) was detected dominantly in reducible fraction (F2). As (49.9273.45%) was found dominant in F2 (at stations 2, 4, 6, and 8) and in oxidizable fraction (F3) with the concentrations of 48.7168.02% (at stations 1, 3, 5, and 7). All trace elements (Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) were bound to the bioavailable fractions (first three fractions) and were low in residual fraction (F4). Calculation of ecological risk assessment of Cd revealed that the individual concentration factor (ICF) >6, the global concentration factor (GCF) >24 and the risk assessment code (RAC) >50% in all stations were classified as high concentration and very high risk for aquatic organisms.

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a Marine and Coastal Resources Institute, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110 Thailand
b Coastal Oceanography and Climate Change Research Center, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110 Thailand
c Ocean Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu 21030 Malaysia

* Corresponding author, E-mail: siriporn.pra@psu.ac.th

Received 19 Mar 2018, Accepted 30 Oct 2019