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Research articles

ScienceAsia 40 (2014): 451-455 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2014.40.451

On the solutions and conservation laws for the Sharma-Tasso-Olver equation

Andrew Gratien Johnpillaia, Chaudry Masood Khaliqueb,*

ABSTRACT:     We study the Sharma-Tasso-Olver equation from the Lie symmetry point of view. We derive the Lie point symmetry generators of the equation and classify them to obtain the optimal system of one-dimensional subalgebras of the Lie symmetry algebra of the equation. These subalgebras are then used to construct symmetry reductions for the equation. We obtain the general solution of the nonlinear second-order ordinary differential equation which results from the symmetry reduction for the travelling wave group-invariant solutions of the equation by transforming it into a linear third-order ordinary differential equation through a Riccati transformation. Then we show that one can easily obtain the travelling wave exact group-invariant solutions for the underlying equation by using the general solution of the linearized third-order ordinary differential equation and the Riccati transformation. We also construct conservation laws for the underlying equation by making use of the multiplier method.

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a Department of Mathematics, Eastern University, 30350, Sri Lanka
b International Institute for Symmetry Analysis and Mathematical Modelling, Department of Mathematical Sciences, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, Private Bag X 2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa

* Corresponding author, E-mail: Masood.Khalique@nwu.ac.za

Received 3 Apr 2014, Accepted 29 Sep 2014