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Research articles

ScienceAsia 40(2014): 278-284 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2014.40.278

Isolation and expression of FMOgs-ox1 from Korean radish

Yuyun Sugiharti, Mukhamad Su'udi, Sooyeon Lim, Jongkee Kim*

ABSTRACT:     Flavin monooxygenase (FMO) is one of the most important enzymes involved in glucosinolate biosynthesis. In this study, the full length of FMO gene (RsFMOgs-ox1) encoding a putative FMO protein composed of 450 amino acids was successfully cloned using the RACE-PCR method. The amino acid sequence of RsFMOgs-ox1 has high similarities of 92% and 83% with BrFMOgs-ox1 and AtFMOgs-ox1,2,3, respectively, and the gene structure of FMOgs-ox1 is similar to its plant homologues. Quantitative (qPCR) analysis revealed that RsFMOgs-ox1 was highly expressed during early seedling development. In mature radish, the highest expression was observed in the leaves, while the lowest transcript was evident in the root. The expression of RsFMOgs-ox1 was also regulated by wounding, notably 1 day after treatment. Subcellular localization in Arabidopsis showed that RsFMOgs-ox1 was localized in the cytoplasm and nuclei. This study allows us to understand something about RsFMOgs-ox1 function in glucosinolate biosynthesis.

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Department of Integrative Plant Science, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 456-756, Korea

* Corresponding author, E-mail: jkkim@cau.ac.kr

Received 24 Feb 2014, Accepted 25 Aug 2014