ScienceAsia 26 (2000) : 081-086 |doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2000.26.081
Establishment and Long-Term Maintenance of
Bovine Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Using
Mouse and Bovine Mixed Feeder Cells and
Their Survival after Cryopreservation
Yindee Kitiyananta,b ,Jumnian Saikhuna, Jiang Guochenga and Kanok Pavasuthipaisita,b*
ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficiency of establishment and maintenance of bovine embryonic stem
(ES) cell lines, the inner cell mass (ICM) of embryos derived from in vitro production was isolated for
ES cell preparation by removal of trophoblasts with protease. Feeder cells from bovine, mouse and
mixed fibroblasts were produced from mouse and bovine embryonic fibroblasts. The feeder cells were
selected and purified through 30 passages. Stabilized feeder cells with their good contact and forming
monolayer were used for long-term culture of bovine ES cell lines. The efficiency of bovine ES cell
attachment on mouse or mixed feeder cell monolayer increased when compared to those using bovine
feeder cells. Bovine ES cell lines were cultured and maintained in undifferentiated state longer on mixed
fibroblasts (25819 days) than bovine (2256 days) or mouse (19649 days) fibroblasts. The ES cell
lines were identified as pluripotent by alkaline phosphatase (AP) staining and forming the embryoid
body. Vitrification procedure for cryopreservation of ES cells showed a higher survival rate than the
conventional freezing method. These data suggest that mixed fibroblast feeder cells were more efficient
for long-term culture of bovine ES cell lines than using only mouse or bovine fibroblasts.
a Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom 73170, Thailand.
b Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.
* Corresponding author, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Received 15 Jul 1999, Accepted 16 Mar 2000